Andorran pre-Romanesque and Romanesque art has preserved its essence, simplicity and beauty since the 11th and 12th centuries.
The artistic manifestations of this architectural style in Andorra highlight for their sobriety, the small size of the buildings and the perfect integration into the mountain Pyrenees landscape.
They are usually scant ornamented, and have a single nave, an apse and a porch at the entrance. One of the most identifying and important signs of these temples are their belfries, used as a communication method between the villages and as a defensive element against attacks. In respect of the interior, we can find paintings with a rich chromatic range that praise the divinity and most of them are works by disciples of the great Catalan (Spain) medieval age masters.
The geographical situation of the country has helped preserve more than 40 churches and monuments of Romanesque style, spread throughout the country.
Of these forty monuments, seven are located around the city, of which we can highlight Sant Serni de Nagol, known for its Romanesque paintings. Inside, the apse is covered with a quarter-sphere vault, preserving the original altar and part of the Romanesque decoration (12th-13th centuries).
In this regard, it is interesting the private initiative of the Auvinyà village, nearly to the city, where a village with medieval style architecture is reproduced.
The site has an artistic mural made of iron that explain history, traditional characters and legends. The material of this artistic and popular piece is not a coincidence, because iron industry was traditionally very rooted at Principality.