Much of the Madriu Perafita Claror valley is located in the territory that belongs to the city.
The candidacy of the cultural landscape of this valley in the World Heritage List was a joint initiative of the Government of Andorra, the Municipalities of Encamp, Andorra la Vella, Sant Julià de Lòria and Escaldes-Engordany, the Andorran National Commission for UNESCO (CNAU) and the Andorran National Committee of ICOMOS, with the participation of the various actors with interests in the valley as well as with the one of the communities that use the zone.
The idea was born from the Andorran National Committee of ICOMOS and first was presented to the Ministry of Culture in 2001.
On July 1, 2004 the World Heritage Committee, meeting at its 28th session in Suzhou (China), enrolled the Madriu-Perafita-Claror valley in the World Heritage List, in the category of cultural assets, as a cultural landscape. Today, there are only 113 cultural landscapes in the world.
The valley preserves many elements and structures of exploitation, organization and management of natural resources (forests, pastures, huts, roads, water ...) that shows the use and evolution of this territory throughout history. With great identity value, the valley has become a history living testimony and the ways of life of a rural mountain country. Places of extraordinary beauty are the result of human interaction with the environment.